Published in DASH#12-13 – Global Housing
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TemaConstantinos Doxiadis

In 1957, Prime Minister Kwame Nkrumah declared Ghana independent. While Ghana was still a British colony, the decision was made to build Tema Harbour, as part of the Volta River Project.1 Along the way, it was decided that an entire new city in this area was needed. An English planning team began this process in the 1950s, but their carefully designed, winding road patterns didn’t provide the fast paced and rational image that Nkrumah was after. In 1960 he hired Greek  planner Constantinos Doxiadis to speed and scale things up as well as rationalize the urban plan . . .


  • The Volta River Project included the building of an aluminum smelter in Tema, the building of a huge dam in the Volta River(now: Akosombodam) and a network of power lines installed through southern Ghana.