From the thirteenth century communities for unmarried women began to develop in a number of cities in the Low Countries. These begijnhoven, or beguinages, offered a safe haven for beguines, or women who wished to live a devout, chaste life, under the authority of the church, yet without the bonds of monastic vows. Such communities […]
Author Archive for: Dick
About Dick van Gameren
Dick van Gameren (b.1962) is an architect and professor, Chair of Architecture and Dwelling at Delft University of Technology. From 1993 to 2005, he was a partner at De Architectengroep in Amsterdam. In 2005, he founded Dick van Gameren architecten. Since 2013 Dick van Gameren is a partner at Mecanoo Architecten. Van Gameren’s work has been published frequently in national and international magazines. Publications: van gameren mastenbroek. prototype > experiment (2001, with Bjarne Mastenbroek) and Revisions of Space. An Architectural Manual (2005).
Entries by Dick van Gameren
In 1921 the rapidly growing city of Amsterdam took over Watergraafsmeer polder, hitherto an independent entity. The polder was already the object of a large-scale, planned expansion of the city, whose layout employed the then customary pattern of long, relatively shallow housing blocks. One exception to this pattern was a block between Middenweg, the original […]
The large-scale housing programme implemented by the city of Vienna from 1923 to 1934 provides a unique example of a direct connection between politics and architecture. From 1919 to 1934 Vienna was run by a social-democratic city council, thus forming a political enclave, known as Red Vienna, in an otherwise highly conservative and clerically governed […]
The large-scale destruction wreaked by the Second World War in London’s financial heart, the City of London, was responsible for intensifying the population decrease that had started many years before. Where 120,000 people had lived in 1851, this number was barely 5,000 a century later. The Corporation of London, the City’s governing body, resolved to […]
The Floor Plan between Standard and Ideal The design of models for large-scale housing developments has been the greatest architectural challenge of the past 100 years. The search for a high-quality, affordable home has resulted in an almost infinite series of studies, designs and realized projects. For DASH 04 we have selected a series of projects […]
Standard and Adaptation Within the space of a few years around 1930 urban design in Sweden underwent a radical shift from a romantic, Sittesque to a strictly functionalist style. Traditional, dense urban blocks made way for austere open-row layouts. In the 1940s these were in turn adapted into a more irregular, landscape-inspired open design that […]
Efficiency through Complexity When Frank Lloyd Wright visited London County Hall in the 1950s, he was introduced to what was then the world’s largest housing body. In 1956, the Housing Division of the Architect’s Department of the London County Council (LCC) employed 310 architects who worked together on the design and realization of housing projects […]
Plattenbau The Silesian city of Katowice boasts a few distinctive groups of residential tower blocks. They were designed in the 1970s by Henryk Buszko and Aleksander Franta who, from 1956, were in charge of the Polish state-owned office PPBO. Large-scale industrial housing developments, which dominate virtually all Russian and Eastern European cities, are usually labelled […]
Industrial Production During the 1960s, large-scale, industrial housing production really took off in Europe on either side of the Iron Curtain. A 1968 publication by the Stichting Bouwresearch (Foundation for Building Research) entitled Niet Traditionele woningbouwmethoden in Nederland (Non-traditional construction methods in the Netherlands) lists more than 30 government-approved construction methods that were in use […]
An examination of the position of individual dwellings in relation to the woonerf, with attention to architectural articulation, daily use, the design of fronts and backs and the place of the car.
Taking the famous Albert Hall Mansions apartment complex as case in point, this essay describes and analyses a new typology in nineteenth-century
metropolitan London, paying special attention to the relation between architectural aspects and a new housing culture.
Architect Sjoerd Soeters discusses issues typical of the series of housing ensembles characterized by the new open space, including the history of the projects and the question of whether the new open space was an explicit part of the assignment.