Published in DASH #03 – The Woonerf Today
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HelsinkiMartti Välikangas, Akseli Toivonen, Birgen Brunila & Otto-Iivari Meurman

In the early years of the twentieth century a solution needed to be found for the poor living conditions endured by blue-collar workers in Helsinki. Ebenezer Howard’s ideas for garden cities in England inspired plans for a residential estate in the Käpylä woods, some 5 km to the north of Helsinki. These specified that the new garden district should be of high quality, both architecturally and socially, and furnish a model for a healthy and productive working life…