In the plan documentation for this fifth edition of DASH, ten urban enclaves have been mapped and illustrated using new analytic drawings and photo reportages specially commissioned for this study. These ten projects, spanning some 800 years, show how new residential areas have been designed and created within existing towns and cities. Together they reveal the continuing process of reacting to, and updating, existing models for city living. The connection between the chosen series and the exemplary aspects of these projects is explained in the introductory article in this edition of DASH on pages 4 to 11.
In chronological order the documentation comprises the following ten projects:
- The Groot Begijnhof, Leuven (Louvain), founded circa 1230
- The Adelphi complex, London, 1768-1772 − Robert, John, James and William Adam, London
- The Linnaeushof, Amsterdam, 1924-1928 − A.J Kropholler
- The Rabenhof, Vienna, 1925-1929 − Herman Aichinger and Heinrich Schmid
- Résidence du Point-du-Jour, Boulogne-Billancourt, Paris, 1957-1963 − Fernand Pouillon
- The Barbican, London, 1955-1982 − Chamberlin Powell & Bon
- Oude Haven, Rotterdam, 1978-1984 − Piet Blom
- The Noorderhof, Amsterdam, 1995-1999 − Rob Krier
- Chassé Park, Breda, 1997-2007 − OMA et al.
- Funenpark, Amsterdam, 1998-2005 − Frits van Dongen (de Architekten Cie.) et al.
The ten plans have been redrawn in an identical style to enhance insight and facilitate comparison. In the first series of drawings each project’s building volumes have been drawn in a substantial section of the surrounding city. These overviews are followed by more detailed drawings of the project’s ground level. The relationship between residential space, private outdoor space, collective indoor and outdoor spaces, and the public domain is emphasized in the manner now customary in DASH. The private residential spaces in these drawings are represented as solid, while the collective openings and facilities are ‘open’ in plan, in a similar approach to that of the celebrated Nolli map of eighteenth-century Rome. In the case of the two projects with a second public (deck) level, the Adelphi and the Barbican, both ‘ground’ levels have been drawn. The dwelling floor plans have also been included in the drawings of the relatively small Adelphi project, along with one or more vertical sections. Detailed floor plans of one or more characteristic dwelling types are always included in the project documentation, with the exception of the final two projects which are notable for their enormous variety in dwelling type. Given the availability of this information in all existing publications, references to literature are considered sufficient in these two instances. An analytical, spatial diagram of the public space, internal and external connections and iconic structures supports understanding of the spatial design of each enclave.
The overview drawings are always based on topographical maps of the relevant cities in the most up-to-date version available. The detailed maps represent the original layout as far as possible, with the exception of the Groot Begijnhof, where the present situation, created after large-scale restoration works took place in the 1980s, forms the basis for the drawings.
Illustrations in Bolton’s publication were used as the starting point for drawings of the Adelphi project, while the plans incorporate Christopher Woodward’s more precise reconstruction, produced for the exhibition and publication of the project in Sir John Soane’s Museum in 2007, curated by Alistair Rowan.
Documentation for the Linnaeushof, the Rabenhof, Résidence du Point du Jour and the Noorderhof is based on drawings attached to planning permission applications in the archives of the relevant government planning offices. Material from the designers and from earlier publications was used for the Barbican, Oude Haven, Chassé Park and Funenpark.
Local historical archives furnished supplementary historical maps and photos.
Drawings by: Cederick Ingen-Housz, Michiel van Hennik & Imke van Leuken