The plan documentation of the sixth issue of DASH features a series of historic and more recent projects that provide a panorama of the way in which, over the past 100 years, traditional housing forms have been used as the basis for new projects. Each project is illustrated with new analytical drawings and with photographs taken especially for this study. The connections between the chosen designs and the exemplary aspects of the projects are outlined in the introduction to this issue of DASH on pages 4 -15.
In chronological order, the documentation features the following ten projects:
- Waterlow Court, Hampstead Garden Suburb, London, 1908-1910 – M.H. Baillie Scott
- Gartenstadt Staaken, Spandau, Berlin, 1914-1917 – Paul Schmitthenner
- Frisia houses, Amersfoort, 1920-1922 – A.H. van Wamelen
- Merelhof, Bergen (North Holland), 1949-1950 – J.H. Roggeveen
- Tiburtino, Rome, 1949-1954 – Ludovico Quaroni and Mario Ridolfi
- Port Grimaud, Saint-Tropez, 1963-1974 – François Spoerry
- Ringvaartplas neighbourhood, Rotterdam, 1989-1993 – Mecanoo
- Poundbury, Dorchester, 1988-2024 – master plan Leon Krier and Ken Morgan
- Bosrijk, Eindhoven, 2004-2007 – Thomas Bedaux, Bedaux De Brouwer
- Cronenburgh, Loenen aan de Vecht, 2001-2009 – master plan West 8 and AWG
To facilitate comparative analysis, the projects shown here have been redrawn in a uniform style. To begin with, the urban design scheme of the project as a whole is shown in a broader context. The larger projects are supplemented with a detail showing the documented dwelling types.
The differences between living quarters, private outdoor areas, collective indoor and outdoor spaces and the public space are documented in the familiar DASH house style.
For each plan, one or two representative dwelling types are shown in more detail. Drawings include the floor plans and cross section, as well as the entrance façade of the block containing the dwelling type in question. A bigger drawing of the elevation and a detail of the section are included for one type. This section gives an insight into the materials used and the detailing of the selected type.
The drawings of the first five projects are based on archive materials and try to render the original situation as accurately as possible.
Where available, old photographs also show the projects in their original state, while the DASH photo reports document the current situation.
The descriptions of the five more recent projects are based on material made available by their designers.
Cederick Ingen-Housz, Michiel van Hennik & Imke van Leuken