DASH #10 – Housing the Student

Housing for young people, specifically aimed at students, is an extremely hot topic at the moment. Due to the growing influx of (international) students to Dutch universities, student housing has again become a large-scale job, and the supply of quality housing is important in the battle for students. In a stagnant housing market, developers and investors alike are flocking to this job en masse.

Constant themes in the design of student housing are temporality, modularity and transformation. A new development is the conversion of vacant buildings, originally intended for other programmes, into housing for students. DASH 10 describes the history and typological variety of student housing, and maps out the needs of a new generation of city dwellers in order to take a look ahead – along with architects, developers, and policymakers – to see what is needed today and what will be needed in the future.

Dick van Gameren contrasts the English college model with the model of the North American campus from the perspective of the city, while Paul Kuitenbrouwer explores the typology of the student room in terms of its historical development and its many variations. Harald Mooij reconstructs the Dutch job of building student housing after the Second World War, and illustrates the then-lively debate with several early projects. In a fascinating history of Madrid’s Residencia de Estudiantes and its simultaneous occupancy by Federico García Lorca, Salvador Dalí and Luis Buñuel, Sergio Martín Blas shows that student housing can do more than merely provide shelter. Interviews with Niek Verdonk and Marlies Rohmer about topics including youth housing in Groningen, and with André Snippe, who is developing existing office buildings into Campus Diemen Zuid, link theory to current practice.

The plan documentation for projects including Eero Saarinen’s Morse and Stiles Colleges at New Haven; Cripps Building as an extension of St John’s College in Cambridge, by Powell & Moya; Maison d’Iran in Paris by Claude Parent & Heydar Ghiaï; the patio homes at Enschede’s Campus Drienerlo by Herman Haan; the small but special Svartlamoen project in Trondheim, by Geir Brendeland and Olav Kristoffersen; and the construction of a new building for Leiden University College in The Hague by Wiel Arets show the development of the student dwelling in all of its aspects, and on all scales.


CONTENT
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Editorial DASH #10

Student housing is back on the agenda. At breathtaking speed, politicians, developers, architects and constructing parties are trying to reduce the serious shortage of residential space for young people and students that currently exists in almost all Dutch university towns. And in these times of malaise in the construction industry, new players are now also […]


Essays
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The Room

An Exploration of Personal Space

The basic module of every student housing project is the student room, the confined space for the individual student in relation to the larger community. An exploration of the historical development of the student room, from its medieval origins to the present, shows a great deal of variation in its programme, embedding and architectural elaboration.

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Finding Form for a Free Spirit

It wasn’t until the explosive growth of universities after the Second World War that a demand was created in the Netherlands for large-scale new construction, specifically for students. A reconstruction of the lively debate about the origins and implementation of this task raises universal questions about communality and individual development.

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‘If… you can Dream and Not Make Dreams Your Master…’ 1

La Residencia de Estudiantes in Madrid

It was coincidence that brought together Federico García Lorca, Salvador Dalí and Luis Buñuel as students in a new residential building in Madrid. The influence that this building and everything it represented would later have on these three artists’ development and surrealist revolt seems unmistakable in this fascinatingly intertwined history.


Interviews
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‘A Campus is: a Place Where Everything You Need is at Hand’

Interview with André Snippe, Developer of Campus Diemen Zuid

The beginning of this year saw the opening of Campus Diemen Zuid, a student campus based on the American example. With its 936 student rooms in former office buildings and a private client, this project illustrates a new kind of development. A conversation with the initiator about his motivations and vision.


Plan Documentation
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Plan Documentation Housing the Student

The plan documentation for this tenth edition of DASH includes ten examples of student housing projects that have actually been built. Spread across Europe and North America, the projects give a panoramic overview of models for student housing that have been developed over the past 500 years. The architecture of the student dwelling has a […]

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St John’s College

Cambridgemultiple contractors and architects

St John’s College is one of the largest colleges in Cambridge. Founded in 1511 by the mother of Henry VII, the original layout was extended further and further over the course of five centuries until it ultimately became a complex entity of buildings and courts. The compound as a whole provides illustrative insight into the […]

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Residencia de Estudiantes

MadridAntonio Flórez Urdapilleta and Francisco Javier de Luque

The Residencia de Estudiantes is a milestone in the history of modern Spanish culture, not only because of its prominent residents and guest lecturers (Einstein and Keynes, Le Corbusier and Gropius among many others), but also because of its architecture, designed by Antonio Flórez Urdapilleta.

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Collège néerlandais

ParisWillem Marinus Dudok

In 1921, the French Minister of Education André Honorat launched the initiative for an ‘international city’ for students, in the green band around the old city ramparts of Paris. Good housing for a growing student population also served the more ideological goal of preventing new wars through international cooperation. France made the land available free of cost, and participating countries could build a fondation in line with their own ideas and budget, to be transferred on delivery to the Cité Internationale Universitaire de Paris…

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Samuel F.B. Morse and Ezra Stiles Colleges

New HavenEero Saarinen and Associates

When Yale University in New Haven decided to increase the number of student rooms in the late 1950s, a discussion ensued about whether this should be realized in the form of ‘colleges’, residential communities with shared facilities, or ‘dormitories’, hostel buildings without facilities. Because Yale was primarily seen as a college university, similar to Oxford […]

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Patiostudentenwoningen

EnschedeHerman Haan

In 1964, the new University of Twente campus (at that time still the Institute of Technology) was opened. It is the only university in the Netherlands that offers on-campus housing for students, in this case on its wooded terrain. After supervisor Willem van Tijen built the first series of student accommodations himself, he asked Herman […]

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Cripps Building

CambridgePhilip Powell & Hidalgo Moya

In the first half of the 1950s, editor J.M. Richards voiced biting criticism in the Architectural Review of new-built projects for the universities of Oxford and Cambridge. The buildings made no contribution to the art of architecture whatsoever and merely reflected the artistic emptiness and small-mindedness of academic taste. In the late 1950s, the tide […]

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Maison de l’Iran

ParisClaude Parent, André Bloc, Moshen Foroughi & Heydar Ghiaï-Chamlou

Maison de l’Iran was the last student residence to be built within the park-like setting of the Cité Internationale Universitaire in Paris, where various countries constructed pavilions between 1925 and 1968 to accommodate their own students. The most well-known pavilions are those from Switzerland and Brazil (both by Le Corbusier) and the Netherlands (Dudok). In […]

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Hoogeveldt

NijmegenPiet Tauber

Student days, Granpré Molière contended in his first Nijmegen urban design in 1949, represent a vulnerable transitional phase between one’s family and the whole of society. At Hoogeveldt, architect Piet Tauber wanted to prevent students from being swallowed up in a nameless crowd. In spite of the large number of rooms (1,024), Hoogeveldt distinguishes itself […]

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Svartlamoen

TrondheimBrendeland & Kristoffersen arkitekter

The residential complex for young people in Svartlamoen lies on the intersection between what was until recently a run-down city district and a large-scale industrial area in Trondheim. Here Geir Brendeland and Olav Kristoffersen realized their first building in 2005 – at that moment the largest in the world made of massivtre (solid wood) – […]

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Anna van Bueren Tower

The HagueWiel Arets Architects

The Anna van Bueren Tower provides a combination of studying, living and social activities in a single hybrid university residential building, centrally situated at an infrastructure hub directly adjacent to the renovated The Hague Central Station. The architect warrants that ‘a flood of visual contact from within the steel tower out onto the adjacent square will […]